There is the Dead Leaf Butterfly, which folds its wings up to look exactly like a dead leaf. They are sometimes green and sometimes brown. They live in lush forests in areas like New Guinea, southern Asia, Madagascar, and India.
The Indonesian Mimic Octopus can turn any color or pattern, it’s pretty remarkable. It is naturally brown and spotted, but can change to any color ranging from bright blue to pink. The Mimic Octopus is the only type of octopus that can conform to the shapes and features of other animals and surroundings.
The Malaysian Orchid Mantis blends in perfectly with the orchids in Malaysia.
Natural selection has left most animals with some degree of camouflage (the better an animal blends in, the more likely it is to survive and pass along its genes). For instance, the arctic hare’s brilliant white coat serves as excellent camouflage in the winter, but in the summer its coat shifts to a dusty blue-gray, which blends in well with its rocky (snow-less) surroundings.
An artic hare with it’s winter colouring:
However, if you’re looking for a more obvious example of animal camouflage, the snapping turtle below,
or sea dragon here,
are both pretty cool examples.
Chameleons are known for using camouflage. Other animals include leopards, polar bears, turtles, the insect shown above (can you see it?) and many others.
An animal I find interestingly using camouflage is the sting ray. As infants, a baby sting ray will have the same coloring as the sandy bottom of the ocean and when it’s mother gets food, the baby will bury itself in the sand perfectly matching and almost becoming invisible and wait for her return. Some other types of sting rays can do the same thing but in coral reefs.
Pictures can be found here:
Katydids employ camouflage as leaf mimics—they look incredibly similar to certain plant species’ leaves. Some have even developed “deformities” that look as though they are leaves with fungus or chewed spots to help make them unappealing even to herbivores.
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