There are a number of issues affecting the current state of the Amazon Rainforest. The rising world population must be fed, and the land in the Amazon is being exploited for agricultural purposes, as well as cattle raising purposes. The rising population must also be housed, and the wood housing system popular in North America heavily taxes the Amazon’s timber supply. Another issue affecting the Amazon is the illegal trade of biological species.
A big problem within the amazon forest, if not the biggest problem, is deforestation. Between 1991 and 2000, the total area lost within the forest rose from 415,000 to 587,000 km^2. An area that size is more than six times the size of Portugal, with the majority of the deforested lands converted to pastures for cattle. Every year the rate of the Amazon rainforest has increased every year. There are many threats to the biodiversity due to deforestation. Many animals may go extinct if continued deforestation of the rainforest continues unchecked.
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