Invasive seaweeds are types of seaweed that are not native to a specific area. They move into new areas in an abundance and damage that eco system. Some of the most damaging effects of invasive seaweed is that is grows so quickly it doesn’t allow sunlight to reach species that rely on it. The sooner it is fought, the more likely it can be controlled.
One species of notoriously destructive invasive seaweed is the Caulerpa taxifolia. The problem first began in the 1970s, when it was admired as a quick-growing and aesthetically-pleasing saltwater aquarium plant in Germany, France and Monaco. At some point, the Caulerpa entered the Mediterranean Sea and rapidly began overgrowing native sea plants, destroying entire marine communities and affecting recreation activities like scuba diving. Mediterranean-bordering countries have struggled to contain this weed. Invasions have also been found near Sydney, Australia. San Diego and Orange County, California noticed the Caulerpa in June 2000, leading to the initiation of intense eradication efforts and periodic monitoring by biological scientists. This plant in banned in the U.S. under the Federal Noxious Weed Act and is prohibited in several other countries, yet the still-existing trade will continue to pose threats to marine environments.
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