Fracking is extremely harmful to the environment because it is a huge source of pollution to water. Fracking uses a large amount of fluids (between 50,000 to 350,000 for a single well, as well as 75,000-320,000 pounds of proppant), which contain harmful chemicals such as benzene, methanol, formaldehyde, and hydrochloric acid. Many of these chemicals, which make their way into water supplies, are known to cause cancer. The EPA has calculated that the harmful chemicals used in fracking may be injected in concentrations ranging from 4 to 13,000 times the acceptable limit in drinking water. Between 20-40% of the chemicals used in fracking remain in the formation, meaning they will continue to contaminate groundwater for years. The chemicals are also poorly disposed of; instead of being disposed of at hazardous waste facilities, they are injected into underground sources of drinking water (USDWs), which is not allowed under the Safe Drinking Water Act.
From an environmental standpoint, fracking is bad news. Millions of gallons of sand, water, and chemicals are pumped into the Earth at high pressure to break up rock formations and access the natural gas that is inside. Of important note is that some of the chemicals that are used are toxic and, obviously, that is a major downside. In addition, land must be cleared in order for this process to take place. A real-world illustration of the downsides of fracking is the Delaware River, which, according the the conservation group American Rivers, is the most endangered river in the US. Fracking, which is done in northeastern Pennsylvania, has directly affected the quality of this river.
addressed many times previously
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