They are diamonds that come from “areas controlled by forces or factions opposed to legitimate and internationally recognized governments.” The diamonds are sold when a Security Council has forbidden it, or the money gained from these diamonds are then used to overthrow governments. Follow the link below for a more cohesive explanation.
Conflict diamonds, or blood diamonds, refer to diamonds sourced from areas which are steeped in violent conflict, in which their sale often goes towards purchasing arms in support of that conflict. The United Nations define them as diamonds that “originate from areas controlled by forces or factions opposed to legitimate and internationally recognized governments, and are used to fund military action in opposition to those governments”.
Areas often associated with conflict diamonds include Angola, Sierra Leone, and the Democratic Republic of Congo, Liberia and the Cote D’Ivoire.
Conflict diamonds, also known as blood diamonds, are diamonds originating from non-government controlled areas in African countries such as Angola and Sierra Leone. Money raised from conflict diamonds are used to finance continued rebel action against the government.
Currently, many retailers cannot guarantee that diamonds are not conflict diamonds. There is a push for greater consumer education so that consumers do not continue to unknowingly fund rebel groups in Africa.
Basically, they are diamonds that are mined in warzone and used to finance a rebellion. Typically, these warzones are in Africa. The film Blood Diamond brought some mainstream attention to the matter a few years ago. An interesting note is that these diamonds are also referred to as converted diamonds, hot diamonds, war diamonds, or, as the previously mentioned film’s title suggests, blood diamonds.
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