An association neuron, also known as an interneuron, is a neuron that links a primary sensory neuron with a motoneuron. It’s usually located in a specific location in the body and helps our senses – like helps us to smell and transfer messages from the nose to the olfactory lobe – or helps us to feel by transferring messages from the spinal cord to the brain and then to the part of the body affected, like how we take our hand away from heat really quickly; you can thank association neurons for that.
Association neurons, also known as interneurons, is a neuron that conducts signals between neurons. They are located entirely in the central nervous system. Association neurons allow efferent neurons, afferent neurons, and other association neurons to communicate. Association neurons are multipolar, meaning they have more than one dendrite (a branched projection from the main body of the cell). Association neurons process information from sensory neurons and sends signals to motor neurons, which is known as a spinal reflex.
Association neurons are more commonly referred to as interneurons. Interneurons are found in the Central Nervous System (CNS) and transmit impulses from sensory neurons to motor neurons. Over 90% of neurons in the body are interneurons and of those estimated one hundred billion interneurons the number of types are still undetermined.
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