Aquaculture is the farming of freshwater and saltwater organisms such as finfish, molluscs, crustaceans and aquatic plants. Also known as aquafarming, aquaculture involves cultivating aquatic populations under controlled conditions, and can be contrasted with commercial fishing, which is the harvesting of wild fish. Commercial aquaculture supplies one half of the fish and shellfish that is directly consumed by humans.
The NOAA defines aquaculture as “the breeding, rearing, and harvesting of plants and animals in all types of water environments, including ponds, rivers, lakes, and the ocean.” Some may refer to locations that deal in aquaculture in a controlled setting as “fish farms”; oysters, clams, mussels, shrimp, salmon, trout, catfish, and tilapia that eventually are sold in grocery stores come from these sites.
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