An amoeba is a microscopic life form that has only one cell. Its control center is its nucleus, which is suspended in a clear liquid called endoplasm, and the endoplasm is surrounded by a membrane called ectoplasm. Amoebas can change shape in order to move. To eat, they surround their “prey,” usually bacteria or algae, and absorb it into their bodies. They reproduce asexually, meaning they basically just split apart to form new amoebas.
One species of amoeba is Entamoeba histolytica. This type is responsible for causing dysentery.
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