What is the advantage of certain species becoming so involved with another, e.g. the Ophrys orchid and bees? With the greater risk of extinction, are species evolving away from such relationships?



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    One species resembling another often puts them at a lesser risk of extinction. In the case of Ophrys orchids, its likely that resembling bees allows the flower to attract bees while deterring harmful species that avoid bees.

    Another example of this is the resemblance between Viceroy and Monarch butterflies. Monarch butterflies are poisonous to eat, but Viceroys are not. However, Viceroys are often avoided as prey due to their Monarch look-a-like qualities.

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