Presently, only Uranium-235 is used in the production of nuclear power. Uranium is a naturally occurring element. It must undergo milling, conversion, and enrichment in order to be suitable for use in a nuclear reactor.
Nuclear power plants require much more than the uranium fuel, of course. Things like cadmium, hafnium, or boron compounds absorb neutrons and help control nuclear reactions. Moderators can include graphite; making inermediate products like uranium hexafluoride requires hydrofluoric acid produced from fluorite (probably mined in China). Most of the zirconium used in the US goes to nuclear plants where its alloys make containers for fuel pellets.
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