Pigeons and doves are members of the Columbidae family. There are approximately 308 different species found all over the world with the exception of Antarctica. These birds are stocky, weigh anywhere between 30 to over 2000 grams, and are generally divided into two sub-species; seed-eaters and fruit-eaters.
Fun fact: Pigeons and Doves are monogamous, meaning that they have only one mate during a breeding season.
Sometimes the words “dove” and “pigeon” are used interchangably. In ornithological practice, “dove” is generally used for smaller species than “pigeon.”
Both doves and pigeons are of the same taxonomic Kingdom (Animalia), Phyllum (Chordata), Subphyllum (Vertebrata), Class (Aves), Order (Columbiformes), and Family (Columbidae). However, they do not share genera. Doves are of the genera Streptopelia, Leptotila, Zenaida, and Columbina. Pigeons belong to the genus Columba.
Read more: http://greenanswers.com/q/193167/animals-wildlife/birds/there-difference-between-doves-and-pigeons#ixzz0zAUVJJLF
Pigeon are known to have a wider body compared to a dove. Pigeons have very short tails and short legs. Pigeons have many kinds of species; one of the known species from the pigeons are doves. Doves come from another branch of pigeons. It’s a bird with a large beak at the tip. They have the same body as a pigeon but their fur color tends to be more light and more softer. Pigeons have fur that is a more lightish gray color. Most pigeons are not domesticated and they tend to live on the streets searching for types for food. Doves are more domesticated and live off in certain types of area that is more quiet and tame. Piegeons are seen in many cities and loud places. Also, doves have black large eyes while pigeons have an orange rim around their eyes. a pigeon
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