Long Terms Health Hazards for Residents Living Beside Smelly Sewerage ponds

In my country, the local state goverment has built few hundred high rise flats for the low and middle class people to live there. Surrounded by few smelly sewerage ponds. Any expert can let me know what are the short and long term health hazards going to occur? Can the resident sue the health ministry and the state government if any victims are hospitalised because of the sewerage ponds the cause?



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    Most illnesses that arise from contact with sewage are caused by pathogens, which are biological agents that cause disease or illness in a host. The most common pathogens in sewage are bacteria, parasites, and viruses. They cause a wide variety of acute illnesses including diarrhea and infections. These illnesses can be violent and unpleasant, but mostly pass after several days or weeks with no lasting effects. In some cases, however, pathogens can cause serious long-term illnesses or even death. Certain groups such as children, the elderly, and those with a weakened immune system are particularly vulnerable to these long-term effects. When the parasite cryptosporidium contaminated the drinking water supply in Milwaukee in 1993, 403,000 people became ill and 70 -100 people died, the vast majority of whom had been HIV-positive. The illnesses caused by pathogens commonly found in untreated sewage are summarized below.

    In addition to pathogens, the high nutrient levels in untreated sewage can cause illness when they create algal blooms. Algal blooms are rapid increases in the population of phytoplankton algae, or single-celled plants that serve as an important food source to other organisms. The nutrients in sewage act as fertilizers and cause the number of algae to swell. Some algae are toxic to humans who can come in contact with them from eating shellfish or swimming or boating in contaminated water. Symptoms from exposure include memory loss, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, liver failure, respiratory paralysis, and coma. If an affected person does not receive proper medical attention, some toxins can be fatal.

    Untreated sewage contains a wide array of pathogens, chemicals and nutrients, many of which pose a serious threat to human health. Sewage pollution is a growing problem as funding for infrastructure decreases, old pipes crumble and urbanization increases stormwater runoff. The EPA estimates there are 23,000 – 75,000 SSOs annually. Over 850 million gallons of untreated sewage overflows from combined sewer systems every year. Between 1.8 and 3.5 million people get ill from recreational contact with waters contaminated by an SSO every year.

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