Yes, the layout of your garden is important. When you plan the layout of your garden, you should keep in mind the size of garden you want, the kinds of vegetables you want to grow, growing seasons and growth characteristics of the vegetables, spacing between rows, successive plantings, interplanting, rotating crops, and erosion.
You should group the vegetables according to their growing seasons and growth characteristics. Perennial crops should be planted along one side of your garden while early plantings on another side. Early- or quick-maturing vegetables should be grouped together so that the space may be used for later plantings after you have harvested the early- or quick-maturing vegetables.
Spacing is important in allowing for the growth of plants, ease of cultivation, and efficient use of space. The link below offers ideal spacing for the various vegetables. Also, if your garden is on a hill, the rows should be planted across the slope.
The layout of your garden really depends on how serious you are about the project. You want to remember to have fun with it (especially if this is your hobby). Nothing should be taken too seriously but if you really want to kick your garden project off quickly, there are things to consider in order to get the most out of your garden.
Your layout will reveal how effictivily you can utilize the space you are using for your garden. Each garden has tons of potential depending on where you place certain plants and how you develop your land. You need to become familiar with the land. Are you gardening on a slope? Which direction will you plant your rows? What shape will your garden be in? These are all important things to consider for the life of your plants/success of your garden.
In addition to Prenda11 and Alecsandra’s responses, another concept to research while planning your garden could be permaculture. Permaculture is an ecological design principle that extends beyond the garden, but can certainly be applied to the design of the garden. A food forest is a permaculture design, and produces a diverse selection of fruits, vegetables, flowers and herbs that work in symbiosis with each other and surrounding wildlife. If you have the space for a permaculture food forest, you might be interested.
Mercurycommunication makes a good point. Certain plants do well next to each other, and certain tend to compete and make life hard on the things around them. Plants of the same species – and especially plants begun from seeds derived from the same plant – tend not to compete with each other, and have in fact been shown to help each other.
Companion planting is becoming an increasingly important organic agriculture tool. Many kinds of plants will help keep away weeds and pests. Planning for these things by planting the right plants could save you lots of time and could prevent the need for herbicides and pesticides.
Another thing to consider is energy savings. Lets say you are growing herbs, vegetables, and berry bushes. It would make the most sense to plant herbs closest to the house because they will be used the most. Vetables would be further from the house than herbs because they wil be harvested less. Berry bushes will be furthest from the house and water source because they are only havested a couple times a year. Permaculture priniciple like these save energy as well as time. They also ensure that gardens and landscapes are beneficial to the environment.
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