The Himalaya Mountains were formed via collision of two tectonic plates. Over 200 million years ago, India was an island located in the ancient Tethys Sea. After the supercontinent Pangaea began splitting, the Indian plate started migrating north. Eventually, 40-50 million years ago, it reached the Eurasian plate, beginning the creation of the Himalayas. The collision of two landmasses creates intense compression, which results in the crust being contorted into mountains. The two tectonic plates are still crushing together and further building this grand mountain range.
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