The dromedary camel does not store water any more than does any other species, yet it does not need to drink water for days. It can handle extreme dehydration as a result of a number of different physiological adaptations. Camels have been known to lose safely body water equivalent to 40% of its body weight, a loss that would be lethal in any other animal.
It varies with the time of year. At one extreme, in winter, camels barely drink at all. At the other extreme, a very thirsty adult camel can drink up to 200 liters of water in about 20-30 minutes. Camels can survive on this because they get the majority of their moisture from their food, and they have evolved ways to mitigate water lost to sweating.
Camels can live through extreme dehydration due to various adaptations that have evolved over time. Camels can lose 40% of its body weight in water and still survive, while this would be lethal to all other animals.
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