How many species of pine trees are there?

3

Answers


  1. 0 Votes

    115.

    * Section Quinquefoliae (section Strobus): white pines
    o Subsection Strobi: North America, Central America, Europe and Asia
    + P. amamiana – Yakushima White Pine
    + P. armandii – Chinese White Pine
    + P. ayacahuite – Mexican White Pine
    + P. bhutanica – Bhutan White Pine
    + P. chiapensis – Chiapas Pine
    + P. dabeshanensis – Dabieshan Pine
    + P. dalatensis – Vietnamese White Pine
    + P. eremitana – North Vietnamese White Pine
    + P. fenzeliana – Hainan White Pine
    + P. flexilis – Limber Pine
    + P. lambertiana – Sugar Pine
    + P. morrisonicola – Taiwan White Pine
    + P. monticola – Western White Pine
    + P. orthophylla – Pinus orthophylla
    + P. parviflora – Japanese White Pine
    + P. peuce – Macedonian Pine
    + P. reflexa – Southwestern White Pine
    + P. strobiformis – Chihuahua White Pine
    + P. strobus – Eastern White Pine
    + P. stylesii – Pinus stylesii
    + P. wallichiana – Blue Pine
    + P. wangii – Guangdong White Pine
    o Subsection Cembrae: Europe, northern Asia, western North America
    + P. albicaulis – Whitebark Pine
    + P. cembra – Swiss Pine
    + P. koraiensis – Korean Pine
    + P. sibirica – Siberian Pine
    + P. pumila – Siberian Dwarf Pine

    [edit] Subgenus Ducampopinus: Pinyon, Lacebark and Foxtail Pines

    * Section Parrya
    o Subsection Nelsonianae – northeastern Mexico
    + P. nelsonii – Nelson’s Pinyon
    o Subsection Krempfianae – Vietnam
    + P. krempfii Krempf’s Pine
    o Subsection Gerardianae – Lacebark pines, Central Asia
    + P. bungeana – Lacebark Pine
    + P. gerardiana – Chilgoza Pine
    + P. squamata – Qiaojia Pine
    o Subsection Rzedowskianae – big-cone pinyons, Mexico
    + P. maximartinezii – Big-cone Pinyon
    + P. pinceana – Weeping Pinyon
    + P. rzedowskii – Rzedowski’s Pinyon
    o Subsection Cembroides – Pinyons (Piñons), Mexico, southwest United States
    + P. cembroides – Mexican Pinyon
    + P. culminicola – Potosi Pinyon
    + P. discolor – Border Pinyon
    + P. edulis – Colorado Pinyon
    + P. johannis – Johann’s Pinyon
    + P. monophylla – Single-leaf Pinyon
    + P. orizabensis – Orizaba Pinyon
    + P. quadrifolia – Parry Pinyon
    + P. remota – Texas Pinyon or Papershell Pinyon
    o Subsection Balfourianae – Foxtail pines, southwest United States
    + P. aristata – Rocky Mountains Bristlecone Pine
    + P. balfouriana – Foxtail Pine
    + P. longaeva – Great Basin Bristlecone Pine

    [edit] Subgenus Pinus – yellow or hard pines

    * Section Pinus – mostly in Europe, Asia, except for P. resinosa in northeast North America and P. tropicalis in Cuba.
    o Subsection Pinus
    + P. densata – Sikang Pine
    + P. densiflora – Japanese Red Pine
    + P. fragilissima – Pinus fragilissima
    + P. heldreichii – Bosnian Pine
    + P. henryi – Pinus henryi’
    + P. hwangshanensis – Huangshan Pine
    + P. kesiya – Khasi Pine
    + P. luchuensis – Luchu Pine
    + P. massoniana – Masson’s Pine
    + P. mugo – Mountain Pine
    + P. nigra – European Black Pine
    + P. resinosa – Red Pine
    + P. sylvestris – Scots Pine
    + P. tabuliformis – Chinese Red Pine
    + P. taiwanensis – Taiwan Red Pine
    + P. thunbergii – Japanese Black Pine
    + P. tropicalis – Tropical Pine
    + P. yunnanensis – Yunnan Pine
    * Section Pinea – Mediterranean pines
    o Subsection Pineae
    + P. pinea – Stone Pine
    o Subsection Pinaster
    + P. brutia – Turkish Pine
    + P. canariensis – Canary Island Pine
    + P. halepensis – Aleppo Pine
    + P. latteri – Tenasserim Pine
    + P. merkusii – Sumatran Pine
    + P. pinaster – Maritime Pine
    + P. roxburghii – Chir Pine
    * Section Trifoliae – American hard pines
    o Subsection Leiophyllae – Mexico, southwestern United States
    + P. leiophylla – Chihuahua Pine
    + P. lumholtzii – Lumholtz’ Pine
    o Subsection Australes – North America, Central America, Caribbean
    + P. caribaea – Caribbean Pine
    + P. clausa – Sand Pine
    + P. cubensis – Cuban Pine
    + P. echinata – Shortleaf Pine
    + P. elliottii – Slash Pine
    + P. glabra – Spruce Pine
    + P. occidentalis – Hispaniolan Pine
    + P. palustris – Longleaf Pine
    + P. pungens – Table Mountain Pine
    + P. rigida – Pitch Pine
    + P. serotina – Pond Pine
    + P. taeda – Loblolly Pine
    + P. virginiana – Virginia Pine
    o Subsection Contortae – North America
    + P. banksiana – Jack Pine
    + P. contorta – Lodgepole Pine
    o Subsection Oocarpae – Central America, Mexico, western United States.
    + P. attenuata – Knobcone Pine
    + †P. foisyi – Pinus foisyi extinct
    + P. greggii – Gregg’s Pine
    + P. herrerae – Herrera’s Pine
    + P. jaliscana – Jalisco Pine
    + P. lawsonii – Lawson’s Pine
    + P. muricata – Bishop Pine
    + P. oocarpa – Egg-cone Pine
    + P. patula – Patula Pine
    + P. praetermissa – McVaugh’s Pine
    + P. pringlei – Pringle’s Pine
    + P. radiata – Monterey Pine
    + P. tecunumanii – Tecun Uman Pine
    + P. teocote – Ocote Pine
    o Subsection Ponderosae – Central America, Mexico, western United States, southwest Canada.
    + P. apulcensis – Apulco Pine
    + P. arizonica – Arizona Pine
    + P. cooperi – Cooper’s Pine
    + P. coulteri – Coulter Pine
    + P. devoniana – Michoacan Pine
    + P. durangensis – Durango Pine
    + P. engelmanii – Apache Pine
    + P. estevezii – Estevez’s Pine
    + P. gordoniana – Gordon’s Pine
    + P. hartwegii – Hartweg’s Pine
    + P. jeffreyi – Jeffrey Pine
    + †P. johndayensis – Pinus johndayensis – Oligocene
    + P. maximinoi – Thinleaf Pine
    + P. montezumae – Montezuma Pine
    + P. ponderosa – Ponderosa Pine
    + P. pseudostrobus – Smooth-bark Mexican Pine
    + P. rudis – Pinus rudis, red mexican pine
    + P. sabiniana – Gray Pine
    + P. torreyana – Torrey Pine

    • 0 Votes

      Apparently this website doesn’t let me post the full list. Just follow the link. I should add that this doesn’t include non-pine evergreens like hollies, cypresses, myrtles, junipers, and cedars.

  2. 0 Votes

    This is a big area of debate in Botany and Taxonomy. Also some species in remote locations are not closely studied. So far I have found 125 but I may be off by +- 10%  !

    Almost 100% of pines are in the Northern Hemisphere. Lastly, there may be some unknowns in isolated areas of the planet.

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