For the Federal offshore, the congressional moratorium began in 1984 and continued until 2008. In addition, Federal executive (Presidential) moratoriums were in place from 1990 until George Bush rescinded it in 2008. The state waters have been under a state law prohibiting new drilling since 1994.
Note that none of the above ban offshore drilling – they prevent new leases from being granted. Offshore drilling in established leases has continued, albeit typically at only one or two (or no) wells per year.
Rigibson is correct. There is not a full ban on drilling off the coast of California. There is a ban on new leases to drill. There are currently nine active oil rigs in state waters and 23 in federal waters off the coast of California. Those in federal waters produce approximately 24,000,000 barrels of oil and 45,000,000,000,000 cubic feet of gas each year.
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