The clean-up process began in May of 1989 and ended in June. The Exxon Valdez oil-tanker was transporting crude-oil from Alaska to Los Angeles. It ran aground at Prince William Sound, Alaska on March 24th. To date, this environmental catastrophe holds the title of the largest oil-spill to occur in U.S. waters and has provided many valuable lessons about the most effective methods of cleaning up after an oil spill
According to Valdez, AK, as of 2007, some efforts were still ongoing. The site, http://www.valdezalaska.org/, said the EPA originally gave Exxon until Sept. 15, 1989 to clean the 10.8 million gallons of crude oil up that spilled on March 24, 1989. Exxon was fined $1 billion on March 31, 1991 related to the spill, the EPA said.
While some of the clean-up still continues, there is still a lot of testing and other procedures that are being delayed to a delay in the courts. Exxon’s unwillingness to pay has led to years of furious court battles and millions of wasted dollars. Exxon was originally supposed to pay $% billion for their negligent actions, although this was reduced to $2.5 billion in 1989. Despite paying only a fraction of this ($507 million), the court battles still rage on and in Exxon’s appeals, they have consistently claimed that their actions do not warrant more than $25 million, even though clean-up and testing have costed the billions of dollars first estimated.
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