At longest talons are about 3-10 inches long if fully extended. The beak and talons of bald eagles are made of kertain (which makes up our hair and fingernails) so talons and the beak grow continuously throughout the life of the bird. Eagles can open and close their talons at will and lift about 4 pounds using their talons.
A bald eagle’s talons are very important to its survival. There are four toes, or talons, on each foot. Three are in front and one is in back, called the hallux talon. This is a little longer than the others. A female hallux talon is about 2 inches long and a male’s is about 1.25 inches long. Talons are made of keratin, which is what hair and fingernails are made of, and grow continuously.
What makes talons different than regular claws is their ability to carry things. Eagles kill their prey by piercing their bodies with their incredibly sharp and strong talons. They can then carry 4-6 pounds of their prey away to eat it. If their prey is too heavy for them, they can easily open their talons and release it.
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