In 1975, Asian elephants and their ivory became protected from all international trade by CITIES. In 1990, African elephants were added to that list and also protected from all international trade. CITES stands for the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora and is an international agreement between governments.
In 1989, a CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) meeting was held to discuss the plummeting population of African Elephants. Around this time, 115 countries banned the international trade of ivory to help wild populations of African Elephants to recover in 1990. Since the ban, around 34 wild elephants have been killed illegally. South Africa has made attempts to lift the ban to trade the ivory that has been collected from elephants that have died naturally and elephants that were killed before the ban (the ivory collection is worth an estimated $8 billion). The United States has opposed lifting the ban, concerned that elephants will begin to get poached for ivory again.
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