Once corn is harvested, it is taken to a mill where the corn starch is filtered out. Then, enzymes are added, which converts some of the liquid into fructose from glucose. Then, it passes through activated carbon. Eventually, it is separated into HFCS 42 and HFCS 90. They are then recombined to produce HFCS 55, which is what is found in sodas.
If you go to this website and click on “corn” in the image, you can see a great video that explains the process.
The process is rather complicated, so I’ll refer you to the link below that explains the process in detail. It is made from corn, refined with various chemicals, the proteins and starches are separated. The starch is treated so that it breaks down into sugars. Enzymes speed up the process, carbon filters create a syrup and that is later treated with more carbon filters, ion exchange and the water is evaporated.
Scientists suspect that high fructose corn syrup reacts differently in the body than regular sucrose, causing abnormal chemical reactions within the consumer that lead to rapid weight gain and a slew of other health problems. Gucose, which is naturally found in fruit, promotes insulin secretion in the body (the body’s way of regulating blood glucose levels); however, research indicates that fructose does not induce this same reaction in the body as glucose does, therefore attributing it to weight gain etc. No matter what the health effects are of high fructose corn syrup or “corn sugar,” many food and beverage companies continue to use it because it is cheaper than regular sugar. This is mainly due to the fact that high fructose corn syrup is sweeter than regular sugar, so less of it is needed in order to make a difference in taste.
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