In short, it has melted ice. The Arctic is at an all-time low in volume of ice, and the amount of ice missing compared to historical baselines is, according to the Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming, five times the size of California. This leads to a myriad of other threats, including endangering polar bears and other animals, changing access routes, and changing the world’s water levels and currents.
According to The National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC), 2010 had the third lowest recorded Arctic sea ice extent in recorded history, continuing a downward trend of a 2.7% fall per decade. The Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program (AMAP) predicts that sea levels could raise by as much as 1.6 meters by the year 2100 due to climate change.
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