The moon causes tides because it has a gravitational pull on the Earth. The Earth and the moon are connected in a way: the moon tries to pull at everything on the Earth. But because the Earth has more pull, it is able to hold onto everything on its surface – except water. Ocean water is large and constantly moving so it is more susceptible to the pull of the moon. For more on the different types of tides and the moons affect on the ocean, visit the link in the citation below.
The moon doesn’t control ocean waves, except to the extent that it creates the tides. As the moon orbits the earth, its gravitational pull causes a bulge in the earth’s waters. This bulge is the high tide. The bulge is on the side of the earth under the moon AND on the opposite side. The other sides are experience low tides. The tidal cycle is 24 hrs and 52 minute (the moon’s orbit). There are 2 high tides and 2 low tides during that cycle.
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