Mistletoe produces small white colored berries that birds like to eat. The birds then poop out the mistletoe seeds which are sticky and adhere to tree bark. Once the seeds germinate it grows roots that dig through the bark of the tree to the water conducting tissues where the roots then develop. Mistletoe acts as a parasite and leeches water and other essential nutrients from the tree.
Most mistletoe species have their seeds spread by birds that eat their fruits and nuts and either excrete or remove the seeds. The seeds are coated in a sticky substance called viscin that allows the seed to stick to its future host.
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