How does the hydrosphere affect climate?



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    The hydrosphere affects climate to a great extent.  Since over 70% of the earth’s surface is covered by water, it is a fundamental way of controlling the climate.  Oceans absorb enormous amounts of solar energy from the sun (most strongly at the equator), and currents transport this heat towards the poles.  This is one reason why the shores of countries are often warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer than inland areas.  The hydroshpere is also a vital part of the water cycle and thus dictates what areas are naturally prone to drought our large amounts of rainfall.

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