Our bodies do not produce sugar on their own. The Human body processes energy (food, particularly carbs) in the liver. In the liver, the body converts these carbs to glucose, which is a usable energy source in the body, with the use of insulin created in the pancreas. Glucose is stored in the muscles for a duration of time; if the energy is not used, it is stored in the form of fat.
The human body doesn’t so much produce sugar, rather it converts carbs (which are already sugars) into a more usable form of energy.
The breakdown of carbohydrates into simple sugars (maltose, lactose, and sucrose) starts in the mouth with the enzyme amylase. In the small intestine, amylase breaks carbs down into maltose and sucrose. Lactase is another enzyme present in the small intestine that breaks lactose down into glucose, as maltose and sucrose will eventually be broken into as well.
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