Climate is affected mostly by precipitation. Precipitation depends on the amount of water in the air. The amount of water in the air depends on where the air comes from (more water in the air coming from the ocean than from a desert). Also, the topography plays a big role – if you have a high area of land, the water vapor can be squeezed out of the air – this results in what is known as a rain shadow. As the African Plateau is elevated – I think it would be safe to assume that it recieves less rain that it would if it were flat, yet at an average of 1000m it is not so high that it removes all moisture from the air.
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