Biodiversity is important to the delicate balance of an ecosystem. There are many, many ways in which this balance can be upset and cause problems. If, for example, the population of a certain insect that removes a certain type of waste in an environment is reduced through human intervention, the increased waste may facilitate the spread of disease, which could have a devastating effect on any given species. Each species in an area, be it a large mammal or a type of bacteria, plays a part in maintaining the ecosystem. Removing even one can potentially have serious consequences.
Biodiversity increases the resiliency of entire ecosystems, such that any stress factor (overpopulation of a species, presence of invasive species, harmful pollution, drought, extreme weather) will have a more limited impact.
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