It’s actually pretty simple. Just drill some holes into the bottom of a bin, some ventilation holes on the sides, fill with moistened shredded newspaper, a handful of dirt, and then add your worms, then cover with cardboard. You’re on your way to making compost!
1) Obtain your wood or plastic container – build, buy, or recycle something (e.g., dresser drawer, trunk, or discarded barrel).
2) Fill container with damp bedding for the worms — shredded newspaper and cardboard, shredded fall leaves, chopped up straw and other dead plants, seaweed, sawdust, compost and aged manure. Varied bedding provides more nutrients for the worms creates richer compost. Add a couple of handfuls of sand or soil and moisten the dry bedding materials before putting them in the bin. ***The bin should be about three-quarters full of moistened bedding.
3) Lift the bedding gently to create air spaces which help to control odours, and give freer movement to the worms.
4) Purchase or obtain worms – either red wiggler, brandling, or manure worms and/or worms found in aged manure and compost heaps. ***Avoid dew-worms (large size worms found in soil and compost).
The correct ratio of worms to food waste should be: for one pound per day of food waste, use two pounds of worms (roughly 2000).
5) Compost food scraps such as fruit and vegetable peels, pulverized egg shells, tea bags and coffee grounds. Avoid meats, dairy products, oily foods, and grains. Absolutely avoid glass. plastic or tin foil.
6) Worm bins can be used indoors all year round, and outdoors during the milder months, within temperatures between 40-80 degrees F.
For additional information, check out: http://www.cityfarmer.org/wormcomp61.html
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