Since it is not specified as to what kind of animals, I will answer in regards to domesticated animals, as humans do not usually care for wild animals unless they wander into urban areas. Animals are cared for by humans, typically as pets in a home, ranch, farm or habitat (zoos, aquariums, terrariums and reserve sanctuaries). Animals raised domestically or in captivity are cared for much in the same way a parent would care for a child, making sure all the basic needs of the animal are met; these needs could be as simple as proper food, water and shelter, and could be more extravagant as exercise and play areas for the animals to exhibit social behaviors like interaction and procreation. If the animals are kept as pets, typically a good owner will interact with the animal in a social loving manner, in which they play, sit with or touch the animal to show positive reinforcement. An owner can develop emotional bonds to their pet, and in turn receive similar attention and love from their pet. When these animals fall ill, special doctors will treat their ailments as a doctor in a hospital would for another person. The manner and capacity of care for an animal depends on the situation.
There are also important things we can do for wild animals – principally, give them natural space to perform their natural behaviors. This means protecting their habitats and doing our best to prevent pollution. That might seem like a tall order, but the simple act of picking up trash and not littering in the first place has visible consequences.
Another simple act – don’t feed wild animals! Squirrels and ducks, which we run into on a fairly regular basis, should not get used to taking food from humans. Bigger megafauna like bears can be put down when they get too used to being around us humans. This is because feeding wild animals makes them more aggressive (or just confident around us, but we see it as aggression) and neglect to look for natural sources of food because they simply don’t have to. This increases instances of disease and overcrowded conditions.
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