Sometimes the biggest issue here is pollution. Tourists, who are simply visiting may not have the same respect for the environment in certain areas as those actually living there. Some carelessly leave their trash lying around without regard to others. Other times, the environment ends up being damaged due to the volume of people visiting the area. For example, “to attract tourists, some islanders have blasted boat channels through reefs. Divers and snorkelers damage or break fragile coral branches by simply touching them or grazing them with a careless hand or flipper.” There are also times that dive boat operators and fishermen unintentionally destroy reefs with anchors and propeller blades. But perhaps the biggest problem is that most souvenir-seeking tourists snag pieces of coral, which usually takes the reef years to build.
Here are some sources that might help answer your question with some specifics:
Luckily, a new industry that is becoming more popular is green tourism which takes into consideration the environmental impact of traditional tourism and offers alternatives.
Tourism can have negative impacts on the environment. The most obvious impact is that of the emissions from plane flights. Long distance trips use an enormous amount of oil and fossil fuels. Most travelers then rent cars, which increases the GHGs they emit on their vacation.
Keep in mind that tourism has advantages and disadvantages for local communities or host/destination countries. For example. advantages include the interactions of cultures and societies, exchanges in communications, lifestyles, and education, as well as economic benefits such as the introduction of foreign capital. However, tourism’s disadvantages include environmental degradation, loss of cultural identities, local communities’ power, and financial leakages.
It is naive to believe that tourism only brings advantages. Consider the cruise industry that designates stops along routes for tourists but do not pay taxes to the districts that host tourism activities. For example, a cruise ship decides to make a stop in Alaska for tourists. Tourists get off the cruise ship and use the facilities in Alaska for a day or two and then move on to the next stop along the route. The local community which includes people and environment are affected. Each time the cruiseship stops and tourists access the land, more environmental impact is created. Finally, cruiseships pollute the water.
Another impact that tourism has on the environment and local community can be examined by the controversies of “all-inclusive resorts.” Tourism is supposed to benefit the local communities in destination countries by creating jobs among other advantages. Unfortunately, all-inclusive resorts import foods, goods, and services from outside destination countries. For example, in the Caribbean islands, tourists do not eat bananas grown by local farmers. Instead, the bananas are shipped from Columbia. Tourists also drink Florida orange juice and consume canned pineapples from Hawaii rather than from local farmers. As another example, tourism-related goods are imported from outside destination countries (such as from China or the US) but are sold to tourists in exotic destinations. Instead, local businesses and merchants should be the ones who benefit from selling tourism-related goods and services but this does not happen often. This is considered to be exploitation and is highly undesirable for local communities.
Click here to cancel reply.
Sorry,At this time user registration is disabled. We will open registration soon!
Don't have an account? Click Here to Signup
© Copyright GreenAnswers.com LLC