The main threat to marine life due to offshore wind farms comes during construction and decommission of generators. You can imagine the digging required disrupting the ecosystem, as well as the presence of boats and platforms in the area creating noise pollution and possibly releasing some chemicals into the water, such as from fuel exhaust or an oil leak.
When up and running, however, it has been shown that in some cases offshore wind turbines actually help sustain marine life. Experiments show that turbines can act as habitats for crabs, fish, mussels, lobsters, and more, making a more diverse population of marine life around the farm, as opposed to control sites without turbines.
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