How do flagella differ in structure and function from cilia?



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    Technically flagella and cilia are the same thing.  Flagella generally refers to a cell that has just one or two long extruded membranes used for propulsion, whereas cilia refers to a cell with an abundance of shorter ones like hair.  Organisms like the one-celled green algae Chlamydomonas contain just two flagella.  Paramecium have thousands of cilia.

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