The electric eel has electric organs (the Main organ, the Hunter’s organ, and the Sachs organ) located in its tail, which are composed of up to 200,000 electric disks, each capable producing a small voltage. These disks are arranged in rows and the structure is known as the electroplax. At the end of the electroplax, nerve endings discharge the electricity, which can range from a light intensity (for sensory perception) to a high intensity (for hunting and defence). The larger the eel, the higher the voltage it can produce.
Electric eels have three organs along the underside of their stomach through their tail (comprising four-fifths of their total body mass). These organs are electroplaqued, and allow the eels to create two types of electrical force (low and high voltage).
The electroplaques on these three organs (the Main organ, Hunter organ, and Sach’s organ) work basically like a battery; they’re stacks of charged plates that react against each other to produce a shock (in the case of an electric eel, a shock of up to 500 volts).
The Sach’s organ uses electrolocation, through which many electrolytes emit small electric impulses much like that emitted in human neurons. The Hunter and Main organs, which have the highest concentration of electroplaques, concentrate these impulses and array them into one massive shock.
Electric eels have a bunch of electricity-producing muscle cells lined up in their bodies that act like mini batteries. The outsides of these cells have about a negative 100 millivolt charge compared to the insides. When the nervous system sends a signal, the neurotransmitter acetylcholine is released, creating an electrical path throughout these cells and presto–electricity!
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