How did India reduce its birth rate?



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    India’s government has been taking steps towards decreasing the national birth rate since the 1950s. However, many of the programs under the Family Planning Program, such as the All-India Hospitals Post-partum Program, took decades to spread throughout the country and gain popularity in Indian culture. The National Population Policy of 1976 recognized the need to integrate various aspects of their society into the plan to reduce population, such as poverty and education. They found that impoverished families were more inclined to have four or more children for the manual labor they could provide. Ultimately, they found the the most highly literate state, Kerala, had the lowest fertility rates and statistically the more educated the women were the less likely they were to have four or more children. Educating people about family planning and improving women’s rights are aims of India’s programs. 

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