A study of offshore wind farms off Europe’s coasts has revealed that the structures pose no threat to marine life, and in fact, they help sustain it.
Scientists at Stockholm University’s Zoology Department conducted the study and found that the turbine foundations acted as habitats for fish, crabs, mussels, lobsters and plants, creating a more diverse and dense population of marine life at wind farm sites than at control sites away from the farms.
Like in the case of sunken subway cars or ships, the scientists said that the foundations were essentially acting as artificial reefs. This study could potentially lead to wind and wave farm designs that foster this occurance. Because wind farm sites are less suitable for bottom trawling, the farms could be built as safe zones for threatened species.
The same is true of many offshore oil platforms.
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