How can the separation of powers hurt climate action in the United States?



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    The United States has a clever system of government, specifically designed to keep any one branch from gaining too much power. Consisting of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, each part of the government has dominion over a different area of the United States. This is good, because the powers overlap, and each branch can stop the others (for example, congress is the legislative branch, while the president leads the executive branch. The president leads the country to war, but wars must be approved by congress). However, it also means that some things, considered extremely important by the founding fathers, are difficult to pass, and one of these things is laws, which must be approved by all three branches. So, in order for climate bills to pass, all of Congress must agree (majorities in house and senate), the president must sign off on it (if he doesn’t, it takes 3/4’s of congress) and the judicial branch might declare it unconstitutional as a law (unlikely, but possible). As a result, controversial issues can take the time of going through four different review processes, for house, senate, president, and supreme court. All of which takes time.

    I hope this helped!

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