Pros: organic agriculture does not use pesticides, growth hormones, or chemical fertilizers. “Organic farms control pests using natural, sustainable methods that retain the lands natural eco-sysem. Organic farming produces minimal residues and is a benefit to ones health (Om Organics).
Factors: nutrition, poison-free, food tastes better, keeps longer, disease and pest resistence, weed competativeness, lower input costs, drought resistence, added value.
Cons: “The U.S. Department of Agriculture does not require genetically modified (GM) foods to be labled as such. The issues with this is the fact that many organic farmers have recieved organic corn feed that was contaminated by GM organisms. Organic farming is more expensive than conventional and the fact that many farmers feed was contaminated with GM organisms shows lack of regard for the average organic farmer (Lang, 2005).”
Factors: Lowered productivity, need for cultivation, GM crops, time, skill
To learn more about the pros and cons of organic farming, I suggest that you check out Julie Guthman’s book “Agrarian Dreams.” It is insightful and presents arguments that are unheard of in the organic community.
There’s tons of information about it online, since it’s a pretty hot topic right now. The website below clearly lists the pros and cons of organic foods/farming. Obviously, it’s better for the environment, but food safety is a major concern.
There is a large amount of information available about organic farming, websites are one option, there are also books such as “Organic Gardening for Beginners”, which examines the pros and cons of organic gardening and gives gardening tips and information. Some of the benefits of organic farming include; consuming foods free of pesticides and harsh chemicals, lower input costs, and added value. Some of the disadvantages include; reduction in short term productivity, additional time required for tending and maintenance, and more skill is required for growing organic produce.
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