Industrialized nations are most responsible for helping developing countries like Africa produce alternative energy methods, fight deforestation (especially illegal logging), and help promote and fund conservation efforts. Helping educate people in these developing countries is key to helping them adapt to and promote changes in governmental policies. Aid is also needed from industrialized nations to support environmental programs, and help people earn money by taking part in environmentally friendly practices. However, there are examples of people in Africa who are taking initiatives themselves. See the links for more information.
I’ll give a less informative – and more subjective – answer than lola14, who covered many good points. There are so many serious, and correspondingly urgent, problems in most African nations. As the continent is largely comprised of ‘developing’ nations, there isn’t an amalgamation of industries as you’ll find in America, China, or western Europe; that certainly reduces their capacity for pollution and environmental damage. Additionally, without proper infrastructure, it’s difficult to mobilize governmental officials and/or resources to fight environmental issues.
A United Nations initiative in 2002 sought to alleviate pressure on impoverished nations regarding emissions standards: “By funding clean technology projects in the South, Northern countries will need to spend less toward meeting their individual emission reduction targets.” Such measures promote sustainable development and international investment – two concepts that would benefit Africa greatly.
Africa does not share much of the responsibility for causing climate change, though it will likely suffer some of the worst effects. African nations should be funding resiliency measures. These measures should incorporate methods that protect against drought and famine such as, improved access to birth control, ecological improvements, improved irrigation technologies, and modernized cattle grazing techniques. Unfortunately, many African governments are known for being quite corrupt and are far from establishing such environmental measures. However, there are many non-profits and online groups that are attempting to improve the lives of Africans to help make their populations more resilient in the face of climate change. One of the most prominent is the African Climate Change Resiliency Alliance.
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