Biology is an extremely broad topic, and researchers focusing on different fields within it have unique roles in studying environmental issues. Here are a few ways that biologists can help:
*Marine biologists and limnologists (freshwater biologists) can study the effects of issues like boating, harmful algal blooms, shoreline erosion, and coral reef destruction on the flora and fauna living in water. They might conduct studies on the effects of oil spills on aquatic ecosystems.
*Entomologists can focus on the beneficial symbiotic relationships that insects and plants have, finding ways to improve organic agriculture.
*Botanists might study how much carbon various species of plants can sequester. They might also research the effects that alien species have upon an ecosystem or investigate the properties of drought-resistant plants.
Biologists study the structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, and distribution of living organisms. The data that biologists have collected about each species enables conservation efforts to be successful. When preserving species, it is necessary to know what kind of habitat an animal needs to survive, in addition to what it eats and how it reproduces. There are groups such as the Society for Conservation Biology that study biodiversity and how different phenomena affect the restoration, loss, and maintenance of species globally.
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