The correct name of the Praying Mantis is Praying Mantid, “mantis” refers to the genus Mantis. Only some praying mantids belong to the genus Mantis. “Mantid” refers to the entire group. Mantids are very efficient and deadly predators that capture and eat a wide variety of insects and other small prey. In the US, the mantid is generally from 3-4 inches in length depending on the gender, but some of the 1800 or so types of praying mantid can be up to 12 inches long. With an enormous appetite, they have been known to eat up to 16 crickets per day and consume over 21 different species of insects. The young mantids will eat many different types of insects that are about their own size or smaller like moths, flies, butterflies, and mosquitos; but they have also been known to eat beetles, spiders, and grasshoppers, and even mice and hummingbirds among other nesting birds.
Additional reference: http://www.insecta-inspecta.com/mantids/praying/index.html
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