Many many conflicts are water disputes at their heart. In just the last five years, there have been conflicts surrounding water in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Cote D’Ivoire, Nigeria, Afghanistan, India, Ethiopia, Kenya, Yemen, and Somalia.
The following link details conflicts that have arisen around water or tactically used water sources dating back to 3000 B.C.
One recent video (see link below) features conflicts between Ethiopian and Kenyan pastoralists over access to water and grazing lands. Lake Turkana has been shrinking for several decades due to increased temperatures and evaporation, less rainfall, irrigation and dam projects. The receding lake is no longer on the Ethiopian side of its border with Kenya, and groups go on raids between the two countries. The future does not look good for much of East Africa as temperatures are expected to continue to rise and a dam project in Ethiopia threatens to prevent the Omo River’s annual flood cycles.
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