You can think of the Environmental Justice (or EJ for short) movement as a sort of sub-branch of the green or environmental movement at large. EJ looks at the socio-economic effects of enivronmental degradation. For example, why are coal mines and the health damaging contamination found premarily in poor rural areas or on Native American reservations while there are also large reserves elsewhere? Or why landfills tend to be built near minority communities? The answer of course is because there communities don’t have the voice or representation to oppose these incursions and that is exactly the situation EJ activists try to remedy, empowering these communities to speak up and speak out.
Environmental Justice, according to the federal government, entails:
“The fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, national origin, educational level, or income with respect to the development, implementation, and enforcement of environmental laws. Environmental justice seeks to ensure that minority and low-income communities have access to public information relating to human health and environmental planning, regulations and enforcement. Environmental justice ensures that no population, especially the elderly and children, are forced to shoulder a disproportionate burden of the negative human health andenvironmental impacts of pollution or other environmental hazard.”
In contrast, the green movement is concerned more with the principles of environmentalism, which include:
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