Wind can effect ocean currents, other factors include salinity, tides, temperatures and the Earth’s rotation.
Wind certainly plays a role in ocean currents, but there are other forces that also influence ocean currents. Primary forces, which include solar heating, wind, gravity, and coriolis force, cause the water to begin moving. Surface circulation, a secondary force, determines where the ocean currents flow. Surface ocean currents, which occur in all of the oceans on Earth, are driven primarily by wind.
Yes, wind is the largest factor in surface ocean currents. However, the wind is far from the only factor. “Vertical and ocean-bottom currents are mainly driven by density differences caused by changes in temperature and salinity.”
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