They each have equal power in crafting legislation. If a bill originates in one chamber, it must clear the other before the president can sign it into law.
Legislation that must be passed must be voted for favorably by a majority in both the House and the Senate, and then approved by the president. Should the president veto, the House and Senate must re-vote, passing it with a 2/3 majority instead of a 1/2.
The system is designed so that both bodies have equal power. However, Republicans have majority control in the House, but Democrats have majority control in the senate, so in terms of green legislation, the Senate would be more likely to vote favorably as Democrats have a history of favoring environmental legislation more.
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