There are three different ways to harness the ocean’s power and convert it to energy: tidal, wave, and thermal. In tidal energy, a dam is built across the opening to a tidal basin. The dam includes a sluice that opens to allow the tide to flow into the basin, and the energy is captured by hydropower generators and converted into electricity. Obviously as with any dam, the degradation to the marine habitat and disruption of migration or movement of the sea life populations can be detrimental. To generate extra energy, these dams use turbines, which can prove fatal to many types of sea life. Additionally, sediments can be stirred up, which can also affect sea life adversely. Most of these effects can be avoided or minimized with proper siting and appropriate precautions.
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