Definitely. For a few reasons. One is that, as people go more “green”, they may choose eco-tours and eco-hotels with the intention of minimizing their carbon footprint as they travel. As far as tangible changes go, the change in a place’s climate will certainly affect who goes there and when. For example, as California heats up, grapes that used to grow there prolifically are not doing as well, while Oregon, which always had a cooler climate and sometimes combated late season frosts, is only doing better growing grapes for wine. As a result, we will probably see a shift from tourists in Napa and Sonoma to the Willamette Valley in Oregon.
There’s more. As Elizabeth Rosenthal of the New York Times put it: “Imagine a ski resort whose chairlifts are in the lower reaches of mountains, without decent snow. Or a scuba club whose reefs succumbed to warmer and stormier seas. Or a golfing hotel in a district where water shortages made it impossible to keep fairways green. All are real possibilities, industry experts say, and in fact, early effects are already being felt.” (http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/30/business/worldbusiness/30iht-tourism.4.8118330.html)
Air travel accounts for 5% of carbon emissions. Many countries like Fiji and the Maldives depend on tourism for their economies. Without it, their infrastructure will collapse. Additionally, those beachside tourist spots—again, like the Maldives—are at the greatest risk of sea level rise. If half the country is submerged, the tourism industry will certainly suffer.
Increased bad weather events, landslides and erosion will all keep tourists away.
This article in the BBC looks at a couple tourist destinations and outlines what could happen to them to negatively impact their tourism industries:http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/431935.stm
The Pew Research Center documented what tourist hotspots will suffer and which will do better as a result of climate change: http://pewresearch.org/pubs/52/the-surprising-impact-of-global-warming-on-tourism
It definitely can. Global warming causes more intense storms, which will make it harder to travel. There will also be more weather based natural disasters such as flooding, landslides, beach erosion, and more. These phenomenon definitely make it more difficult to enjoy traveling. For example, the hurricane season in the south east will be longer, which will make the tourist season shorter. This means that places that depend on tourist dollars will see a drop in their economy. Global warming will also cause an increase in malaria carrying mosquitos, melting snow caps, and dying coral reefs.
A negative effect that global warming will potentially have in the near future on the tourism industry is drowning cities. As global temperatures increase, thus increasing sea temperatures, the glaciers melt. As the glaciers melt, sea levels rise. This puts popular tourist destinations that are close to, or below, sea level, like Venice, at risk. Below is an image of flooded Venice, which is becoming a more common problem for the city as scientists work feverishly to find ways to save this historic part of Italy.
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