The water cycle is definitely affected by the carbon cycle, because the amount of carbon in the atmosphere affects the way water behaves on a planetary scale. As carbon accumulates in the atmosphere and contributes to global warming, the planet will heat up and will increase evaporation of water in many places, while also increasing the amount of precipitation that falls as rain instead of snow. Thus, land in many regions of the world will dry out faster – and even though more rain might fall overall, it will still result in water shortages. The reason for this is that more precipitation falling as rain rather than snow means less buildup of snow and ice in mountainous areas that currently continue to feed streams with meltwater all the way through summer. In a warmer climate, glacial meltwater will be used up faster every summer, leading to increased drought and water shortages.
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