No, environmentalism existed long before the U.S. came into being. Because environmentalism is a broad movement that can emerge out of various forms of environmental concern and conservation, putting a label on it’s origins is near impossible. However, traces of environmental thought can be found in many ancient writings. The importance of links between humanity and nature can be found in Hinduism (the oldest religion), Greek philosophy, Taoism, Confucianism, the writings of the Egyptians, Sumerians, and Babylonians, and in Judaism, Islam and Christianity.
The word “ecology” (“oekologie”) was coined in 1866 by the German scientist Ernst Haeckel (1834–1919).The political term Green, a translation of the German Grün, was coined by die Grünen, a Green party formed in the late 1970s. In the 19th and 20th centuries, protectionists such as John Muir (American) wanted land and nature set aside for its own sake, while conservationists such as Gifford Pinchot (also American) wanted to manage natural resources for human use.
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