The government has done several things. The first is that they have trained police to guard the rainforest. These “environmental police” have been taught to identify illegal mining operations and camps, shoot in the forest, etc.
In 2004, the government created two new forest reserves which puts those parts of the forest under government protection.
In 2008, the government seized a large amount of illegal livestock that were grazing in the rainforest. Approximately 3,100 head of cattle were removed.
Lastly, the ARPA program (Amazon Region Protected Areas Program) is a 10-year program set up to triple the amount of protected rain forest over the next 10 years. This program was launched at the World Summit on Sustainable Development in Johannesburg which was in 2002.
Yes, Brazil has protected the Amazon because it’s in the government’s interest to. The Amazon is a huge carbon source that can help decrease the rate of global warming which might otherwise cause damage in Brazil and many parts of the rest of world. There’s also international pressure to protect forests around the world so Brazil’s government is responding positively to that.
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